Identity theft is a growing and serious crime. It happens when someone uses your personal information without your knowledge or consent to commit a crime, such as fraud or theft. Always be aware of new ways in which you are at risk for identity theft.
Guard Your Personal Information
- Ask why: If you don’t know why someone is asking for your personal information, ask why they want it. The Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act is one law that limits the types of information that governments, businesses, and other organizations can collect from you. For more information on this and similar laws visit the Office of the Privacy Commissioner at www.priv.gc.ca.Your provincial or territorial consumer affairs office may also be able to tell you about similar laws that apply where you live.
- Guard your PIN: Always shield the keypad when entering your personal identification number (PIN). Never give your PIN or password to anyone, including friends, family, staff at your financial institution or the police. If you think someone knows your PIN, change it immediately and tell your financial institution.
- Carry only what you need: Consider leaving important identity cards, such as your Social Insurance Number, at home and carry only the payment cards you need.
- Don’t make it easy for thieves: Choose a PIN or password that does not include your name, telephone number, date of birth, address or Social Insurance Number.
- Protect your personal information: Keep your birth certificate, Social Insurance Number and passport in a secure place.
- Be careful with personal information you no longer need: Shred or destroy sensitive information before throwing it out. This includes expired and unused credit and debit cards.
Guard Your Computer and its Contents
- Choose a password that has a combination of letters (upper and lower case), numbers and symbols.
- Make sure you have the most current anti-virus protection software and a firewall, you may have these through your computer’s operating system.
- Don’t send financial or other confidential information using email or text messaging.
- If you are buying something or banking online, make sure that the web page is secure. Here is how you can tell the website is secure:
- The web address begins with https:// — the ‘s’ indicates that the site is secure.
- You can see a small icon, often a lock or key, in your browser window. The lock should be in a locked position and the key should be unbroken.
- Never follow a link in an email to start an online transaction with financial services like banks, credit unions or online credit payment sites. Go directly to the organization’s website instead.
- When you are disposing of a computer, delete your personal information from the hard drive using overwrite software or destroy the drive.
See the Spam, Phishing and Spyware sections of this Handbook for additional tips and information on ways to protect yourself and your computer.
Be Careful with Social Networking
Be careful what you post on your social network profiles. Your status updates — about your whereabouts (are you at work? heading out to watch a game?) and upcoming travel plans — may expose your home to criminals who will take advantage of your absences. If you provide personal information, like your phone number or birthday, they can take this private information and use it to steal your identity. By looking at your photos or videos, they can also figure out where you live and work.
Here’s how to protect yourself:
- Think about who is receiving your status updates. Make sure you are comfortable with everyone who has access to your personal page, and if you aren’t —remove them.
- Make it a habit to clean up your profile from time to time. Always think twice about what you are posting, we tend to think about our personal sites as private, but in reality, many can be seen by just about anyone.
- Choose the highest and most restrictive security setting available. Privacy and security settings on social networks help you control who can and can’t see your profile.
- Keep personal information, personal — do not provide information like your birthday, full name, phone number, Social Insurance Number or address.
- Be mindful of what you post. Is there information someone could use to steal your identity, burglarize your home or put you in danger? For example, if you provide information about your daily routines, criminals will have an easier time figuring out the best time your home will be empty.
Visit the Office of the Privacy Commissioner for more information on social networking and privacy.
Tracking your Activities — it’s easier than you think
We are always connected: either through cellular networks, Wi-Fi access points, satellite links or global positioning systems. This can be a good thing. For example, in medical or other emergencies, GPS systems can help locate people who have in medical or other emergencies dialled 911 with a cellphone GPS can also help to locate a missing person. But there is a flip side to this ever-changing technology: it makes it easier for a criminal to access information, steal your identity, or compromise your safety.
Take cell phone applications (apps) that use GPS for example. Increasingly, these apps may be used to transmit coupons and other bonuses to the user’s mobile device when a user enters a store.
But just as apps vary in type and quality, so do their privacy policies and practices. From a technical standpoint, there’s little to stop developers from programming apps in a way that enables them to collect, use or share the personal information of users — and often that of their contacts or networks. Users may never even know this is happening, and might not approve of the practice if they did. The inappropriate collection, use or disclosure of personal information could expose people to surveillance or unwanted targeting by unscrupulous marketers or swindlers.
Geotagging — Location, location, location
When a photograph or video is taken with a cell phone or digital camera that is equipped with a global positioning system (GPS) the image can be coded with a geotag. Geotags provide information about the exact location where the photo or video was taken (the longitude and latitude). These codes are invisible to the viewer, so consumers who have cameras equipped with geotags do not realize they may be sharing their location information and possibly compromising their privacy, and potentially exposing themselves to identify theft, by posting pictures or videos online.
- If you don’t know whether your digital camera, cell phone or video camera automatically codes your images with geotags, check the user guide or ask the manufacturer or the store where you bought the device.
- If your digital camera, cell phone or video camera does have automatic geotagging you can disable this feature. Consult the user guide or contact the manufacturer or the store where you bought the device for help.
How to protect yourself from Identity Theft
- Review your financial statements as soon as they come in and report any errors to your financial institution as soon as you can.
- If you don’t receive your statements, notify your financial institution or credit issuer and Canada Post.
- If your cards have been lost or stolen, contact each financial institution immediately.
- Ask for a copy of your credit report each year and make sure the information is correct. Consult the Credit Reporting section of this Handbook for more information.
- Before sharing personal information on social media networks, check your privacy settings and think carefully about what you are posting.
- If you share photos and videos online, consider removing any geotags to prevent others from figuring out where you live and work.
If You’re a Victim of Identity Theft
Tell your financial institutions, credit issuers and local police of the theft as soon as you can.
Follow the advice for consumers in the Consumer Identity Theft Kit, available at www.cmcweb.ca/idtheft.
- Contact Canada’s major credit reporting agencies (Equifax or TransUnion) to discuss placing a fraud alert on your file.
- To help stop fraud, report the incident to the Canadian Anti-Fraud Centre.
You can also learn about identity theft and find advice on how to deal with it on the RCMP website.
The Canadian Anti-fraud Centre
North Bay, Ontario P1B 8J8
Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP)
RCMP Public Affairs and Communications Services
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R2
Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 1H3
Credit Reporting Agencies
Hamilton, Ontario L8L 7W2
Equifax Canada Inc.
Consumer Relations Department
Montréal, Quebec H1S 2Z2
Consumer Relations [For Quebec Residents]
Laval, Quebec H7N 1A1
Provincial and Territorial Consumer Affairs Offices
Service Alberta, Consumer Contact Centre
Edmonton, Alberta T5J 4L4
Consumer Protection BC
Victoria, British Columbia V8W 9J2
Consumer Protection Office, Manitoba Justice
Winnipeg, Manitoba R3C 0B6
Financial and Consumer Services Commission
Fredericton, New Brunswick E3B 1E1
Newfoundland and Labrador
St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador A1B 4J6
Consumer Affairs, Department of Municipal and Community Affairs
Yellowknife, Northwest Territories X1A 2L9
Service Nova Scotia and Municipal Relations, Public Enquiries
1505 Barrington Street
Halifax, Nova Scotia B3J 3K5
Consumer Affairs, Department of Community and Government Services
Baker Lake, Nunavut X0C 0A0
Consumer Protection Ontario, Ministry of Government and Consumer Services
Toronto, Ontario M3M 1J8
Prince Edward Island
Consumer Services, Department of Justice and Public Safety
PO Box 2000
Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island C1A 7N8
Office de la protection du consommateur
Québec, Quebec G1K 8W4
Consumer Services, Department of Community Services
Whitehorse, Yukon Y1A 2N1